Vermont Better Backroads Manual: Clean Water You Can Afford
The purpose of this manual is to provide cost effective techniques and actions that can be used to enhance maintenance of gravel backroads while improving the water quality in Vermont.
The Orange Book: A Handbook for Local Officials 2017-2019
There are a number of funding and technical assistance programs available to the local governments in Vermont. Due to the variety of these programs and the complexities of each, this may be a confusing area for elected or appointed officials in towns, cities and villages. This handbook is intended to provide a reference to aiding general understanding and to guide officials in their cooperative relationships with the Agency of Transportation.
Sensible Transportation: A Handbook for Local and Inter-Community Transportation Planning in Maine
This handbook provides local planners with the information they need to prepare transportation plans – or transportation chapters of comprehensive plans – that are consistent with the Maine’s Sensible Transportation Policy Act and rule and the transportation element of the state’s Growth Management Program.
Transit Oriented Development
Transit oriented development (TOD) refers to a method of regulating land use that concentrates commercial and residential growth around transit centers in order to maximize access to transit and encourage the use of non-motorized transportation. TOD can be described as development, generally within half a mile of a transit station that provides sufficient densities, mixes of activities and convenient pedestrian linkages to support significant transit ridership.
Pedestrian Oriented Development
Pedestrian oriented development (POD) is a pedestrian friendly policy providing clear, comfortable pedestrian access to commercial and residential areas and transit stops. POD is employed through a combination of land design practices including compact development, mixed-use, traffic calming, pedestrian – and public transit-orientation, and a mix of housing types.
Access management involves the planning and coordination of the location, number, spacing and design of access points from a roadway to adjacent land. Access management programs facilitate safe access to land uses along major roadways, while promoting and supporting an efficient street system, as well as unified access and internal circulation systems for development. The result is a roadway corridor that functions safely and efficiently for its useful life, provides healthier, more walkable communities and a more attractive corridor.
Bicycle & Pedestrian Facilities
Chapter 2 of the
Implementation Manual. Bicycle and pedestrian facilities can provide a practical alternative to the automobile—as long as they are safe, well-maintained, and linked into a continuous network that takes people where they want to go. Increasingly, they are also seen as an important community development tool, attracting workers looking to settle in communities with a high quality of life.
Chapter 20 of the
Implementation Manual. Long-accepted parking standards are being reevaluated to better address community and environmental impacts and to better accommodate desired patterns of development. Current thinking asserts that, at minimum, generic parking standards should be abandoned in favor of context-sensitive parking requirements and better parking management.
Public Transportation (Transit)
Chapter 23 of the
Implementation Manual. Municipalities can support public transportation initiatives by making targeted investments in infrastructure that supports transit and walkable communities and adopt local regulations that require new development design to do the same. Municipalities can influence three elements that affect the use of public transportation: land use patterns, parking, and the transit infrastructure.
Rail & Airports
Chapter 24 of the
Implementation Manual. Local officials do have the responsibility to enact appropriate zoning requirements around airports and along rail lines to ensure that any new development is compatible. Not only are quality-of-life issues at stake for the nearby neighborhoods, but also safety needs to be considered for the operation of these transportation facilities, as well as for the neighborhoods.
Chapter 25 of the
Implementation Manual. The upkeep of public roads to safely access adjoining land and to
support a highly mobile, vehicle-dependent society represents a substantial long-term capital investment and significant ongoing expense. Identifying, planning, and budgeting for major road improvements makes good fiscal sense and is required under state and federal funding programs.
Transportation Demand Management
Chapter 29 of the Implementation Manual. Transportation Demand Management (TDM) means managing the vehicle demand on the transportation system.
Beginning with Habitat (BwH) Toolbox – Habitat Related Measures to Augment Local Road Review
Street design and acceptance policies do not just have public safety and public works maintenance budget implications, but also have direct consequences for wildlife habitat. A a road ordinance can be crafted with design standards that can help to maintain existing habitat values and to minimize barriers to overland species travel.